Equity over equality: An equation for empowering women business owners
The ugly truth is that despite representing more than half the population, women account for less than a third of entrepreneurs. And although they deliver twice as much revenue per dollar invested, women business owners still receive less than half of the investment capital of their male peers.
There is clearly a huge opportunity here to support more women-led businesses. Anyone who knows me knows how passionate I am about this. Yet, while we spend a lot of time talking about equality as the solution – ensuring equal opportunity – it is actually equity – ensuring equal outcome – that will make the real difference for women in the world of business and banking.
Fittingly, #EmbraceEquity is the theme of this year’s International Women's Day.
This is an opportune moment to talk about what we can do to get more women-owned businesses off the ground. Ensuring equity is front of mind when it comes to accessing funding will play a significant role to get us there.
The odds are stacked against us
“No” is sadly a familiar word for women business owners who find it much harder to secure funding for their business.
There are several reasons why.
First, we all know that banking has historically been a man’s world, and to a large degree it still is. Even today, across the wider global financial services industry, women are still under-represented. In 2021, women held just 21% of board seats, 19% of C-suite roles and 5% of CEO positions.
Representation does matter, as we’ve heard from women business owners we’ve spoken to, this means that those entrepreneurs looking for funding can often end up feeling isolated, and unsure who to trust.
Secondly, as highlighted by research from LinkedIn, women are more likely than men to have underdeveloped networks meaning women business owners have to work harder to get their foot in the door, and get in front of the right people to grow their venture. Therefore, it can take longer for them to build important relationships and credibility for themselves, and their business.
Lastly, we know that women are more likely to face institutional barriers, such as lack/cost of childcare, entrenched stigmas and discouraging attitudes. These all continue to contribute to harmful gaps in women's confidence, knowledge, opportunities, and achievements.
The OECD’s The Missing Entrepreneurs report serves as a stark reinforcement of this point – women in EU and OECD countries are only 75% as likely as men to believe they have the skills to start a business. In addition, these women are only 60%-70% as likely as men to expect their businesses to create 20 jobs or more over the next five years.
Keep unconscious bias front of mind
Ask anyone in a financial institution if they are more likely to provide funding to a man than a woman, and I would imagine that most will say they aren’t biased in that way. Indeed, the system isn’t meant to be biased. In today’s day and age, banks will have the same criteria for funding applied against men and women – but this doesn’t mean it’s fair.
Equality isn’t enough. And crucially, we must recognise that unconscious biases play a major role in preventing women from accessing the finance they need.
We’ve mentioned the various institutional barriers at play that might prevent a woman from either accessing finance or setting up a business in the first place, but let’s just take childcare as an example. When banks are assessing a business owner’s CV or history, years of “inactivity” owed to childcare all stack negatively against women entrepreneurs. Yet, raising a child does not mean that someone is less capable of running a business, by any means. In fact, I would argue quite the opposite.
That’s why it’s so important to see the human and their reality and social constraints behind the business. We must review our funding policies and criteria to see where women founders might be more likely to face barriers, consider how these could be adapted and finally, but most importantly, take action.
We also need to be wary about biases baked into technology and algorithms. AI and fintech are seen as disrupting competitors, but the reality is that algorithms don’t always make the best or fairest risk-based decisions. They continually see businesses that are complex as too risky – and this disproportionately impacts women founded businesses. And of course, if these algorithms are built by historically biased views, they will be biased themselves.
Hold a mirror up to your organisation
To tackle this unconscious bias, it is so important that we continue the good work that has already begun in making our own finance organisations diverse. Providing effective training and implementing strong role models both serve as ways to further strengthen the diversity of organisations.
By creating a culture built on open and transparent conversation, and by nurturing honesty and humility, this will help to ensure that bias can be recognised and rectified – rather than chastised.
Ultimately, in order to ensure equity of business funding, we need to build a deep understanding of our customers, of their businesses, and the complexities involved so we can make a nuanced decision. While many traditional lenders don’t do this, it’s something we pride ourselves on at BFS in the way we work with our customers.
Fight the good fight
The good news is, we’re on the right path. Recent data from the data platform Beauhurst found that in the UK, there has been an increase in the number of women-founded businesses securing funding from venture capital firms. This is despite an overall decline in fundraising.
Women business owners have so much potential to bring new ideas and exciting businesses into the world. So, now, it is more important than ever to make sure that we keep fighting the good fight – recognising both the opportunities and challenges for women-owned businesses, and ensuring that access to finance is not one of them.